An API (Application Programming Interface) is a component that allows different platforms, applications or systems to connect with each other and share data.
In this post we want to talk about the advantages of APIs for companies, why it is said that 2017 is the year of the APIs and what challenges still face the API economy.
This post is also available in Spanish.
Context: the rise of the APIs
Although the history of APIs starts at the beginning of the 21th century, especially when eCommerce began to develop, today we can say the APIs world is booming for several reasons:
- because of the arrival of the Internet of Things or IoT, which makes APIs indispensable for facilitating communication between objects.
- because of the lower entry barriers for their use by small and medium size companies.
These facts have led to the concept of the API economy: more and more companies are arising whose business models are based on the data exchange that APIs allow.
By facilitating interconnections between third party platforms, APIs enable companies that use them to create new features for their services, authenticate people, facilitate transactions for their customers, etc.
In short, the use of APIs allows to improve products and services at a low cost, improves the value that customers or users can extract from those products and services, and this all results in greater benefits for companies.
As the website Search Microservices defines it, “the API economy is a term that describes how APIs can positively affect a business’ profitability”.
“API economy (application programming interface economy) is a general term that describes the way application programming interfaces (APIs) can positively affect an organization's profitability.”
A great example that explains the API economy is Uber, whose business model is based on a series of third party components integrated via API.
These integrations make it possible for example to determine the geographic location of the user and the driver, to calculate the distance between both and determine the best route, to send notifications when the driver arrives, for the customer to make a payment without cash, etc.
If all of this had to be developed by a single company, Uber probably wouldn't exist. Or it wouldn’t be the business that it is now. Uber is possible thanks to the API economy.
Source: API Economy Intro for Business Audience by IBM API Connect
Advantages of APIs
The advantages of using APIs are diverse: most in the market are easy to use, stable and secure, and have the capacity to automate processes and create new user experiences, contribute to customer authentication, etc.
All of this allows to generate extra income to those companies that have opted to improve their products and services by integrating third-party APIs.
>> Related post: How to integrate Signaturit's API into your CRM or ERP
Companies that use APIs can take advantage of functionalities, services, data, and algorithms developed by other companies without having to pay for the cost of this development. Furthermore, it creates additional value for their clients or users.
Companies like Facebook, Amazon, Salesforce or Signaturit make their APIs available, so that any company that wants to, can integrate the services that those companies offer via API into their own systems. In this way, they improve the value proposition for their clients and users.
To get an idea of how the API economy has grown, as of the moment of writing this post, 18,597 APIs are listed on this web: https://www.programmableweb.com/
It is likely that when you access it, the number of APIs has increased.
2017 is the year of the APIs. Why?
According to this article published by Forbes magazine, APIs are said to have an ever increasing role in the digital economy. Why?
Fundamentally, because they are a way to expand any company’s business in a fast, easy and scalable way, since they can improve already existing products and services and/or create new revenue streams based on the integration of different APIs created by third parties.
On the other hand, APIs are a key and irreplaceable part of one of the great trends in e-commerce: the omnichannel sale, where a buying process can begin in one device and finish in another.
It will probably be the way that we will buy online in the near future, and APIs play a key role, so that all devices a customer can use when buying online are perfectly interconnected.
This way, clients can have a perfect shopping experience in real time.
Therefore, in the previously mentioned Forbes article it is highlighted that CIOs will have to become, first and foremost, strategists capable of designing new business models based on APIs, and in this way keep their organizations competitive.
API’s pending challenges
Faced with all the evidence supporting the great importance of APIs in the digital economy, and the increasingly important role they are playing for companies of any sector or size, there are still some challenges they face that we cannot omit.
The APIs available in the market all have different standards regarding stability, reliability and quality; not all are equally safe, and in some cases a few may become gateways for hackers.
Second, so far most APIs are based on aggregating simple commands, but the transition to a much more customer-centric economy is forcing them to integrate the latest innovations in artificial or contextual intelligence to manage prescriptive and cognitive work flows.
With time, APIs will increase
their ability to make decisions.
Regarding this topic, Ed Anuff, Senior Vice President of Strategy in Apigee, recently commented in an article for TechCrunch two other major challenges for APIs:
- On one hand, the proliferation of closed API models, accessible only for partners;
- On the other, some APIs are presented with a lot of buzz, but in the end they’re impossible to monetize for not having solid business models behind.
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This post is also available in Spanish.